Depression, or Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a pathology of mood, whose impact on the population has been increasing, attracting the attention of both authorities and people in general, due to the high economic and social costs it involves when treatment is not carried out in a systematic way.
MDD is ranked among the leading causes of disability across the world, ranking first in the “lost years due to disability” index.
Depression – Prevention
Nowadays, there is no effective guide we can rely on regarding the prevention of mental disorders and diseases. However there is a wide variety of evidence-based forestalling programs and policies available for implementation in order to reduce risk factors, strengthen protective factors, as well as decreasing psychiatric symptoms and disability.
Depression – Symptoms
Although there are symptoms and signs that characterize these disorders, there are specialized criteria based on the evidence and experience of how to be diagnosed and on which we can catalog depression disorders such as major depression (MDD) persistent depression (Dysthymia), premenstrual dysphoric disorder, associated with another medical or substance induced disorder.
This disorder can be moderate, in which there are only single or isolated episodes of anguish and sadness towards few situations of stress, surpassing the reaction with the act itself, as explained above; or they could get serious to the point of even trying to commit suicide if no prudent specialist care is found.
Depression is a psychiatric disease that can be seen in relatively low severity to very serious cases, the ideal for this disease is to learn that before all adversities, we must always be patient, overcome ourselves and seek help where we can get it in a specialized manner.
In order to the treatment of depressive patients be effective, a global concept is required; it includes different approaches of psychotherapies, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, deep psychology and conversational therapies, which can be selected and/or combined according to the individual patient’s needs.
Beside a therapy with drugs, individual or group therapies are often used, according to symptoms that are also oriented to a physical activity, that is to say, a therapeutic-creative action, to relaxation and to a training to overcome stress (through, for example biofeedback, progressive muscle relaxation of the Jacobson method, yoga, qigong, tai-chi, etc.) applied differently according to the specific need.