The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons responsible for shoulder joint stability, that allow movements to be precise and coordinated. If a tear or injury (partial or total) is left untreated, it could completely tear.
The risk of tearing the rotator cuff increases when calcifications make the tendons more rigid and fragile. To repair a tear to the rotator cuff, it is necessary to perform a surgery in which the internal situation will be first controlled and evaluated. After this, the surgeon will clean the joint, remove any damaged tissue, and fix the tendon on the bone with the help of metals and prostheses. After surgery, the shoulder should be immobilized for a maximum of six weeks.
When is Surgery Necessary?
The rotator cuff injury can be caused by trauma, such as falling on the arm, which creates tension on the tendon. Due to friction, there is significant pain and limited movement in the arm.
In addition, it can often get damaged over time because of the tear between tendons and bones caused by friction. This movement can cause chronic inflammation and degeneration. When one of these events happen, surgery is necessary. On several occasions, these damages may occur at once.
Are There any Risks or Complications?
As any surgical procedure, it carries the risks of using anesthesia and other general risks:
- Allergic reactions to medications.
- Respiratory problems.
- Bleeding, blood clots, and infection.
There are also complications that could occur in a rotator cuff surgery:
- Sometimes surgery does not fully relieve symptoms and pain.
- Extra damage to a tendon, blood vessel, or nerve can occur.