Did you know that approximately 500,000 knee replacement surgeries and more than 175,000 hip replacement surgeries are performed annually in the United States?
Orthopedic surgery focuses on diagnosing, preventing, and treating musculoskeletal conditions, such as: bones, muscles, joints, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage. This kind of surgery treats chronic, recurrent, acute, or traumatic injuries.
Most orthopedic surgeries are performed on the ankles, knees, hips, elbows, shoulders, and spine. Some nervous system problems that arise after spinal injuries may be treated as well. This branch of medicine encompasses injuries or problems that occur at birth, through injury, or as a result of aging.
Among the most recurrent conditions that require orthopedic surgery are:
- Hip Necrosis or Femoral Osteochondritis: Bone death due to lack of blood supply.
- Knee osteoarthritis: A degenerative disease caused by deterioration of the cartilage, which moderates the knee joint.
- Osteoporosis: Loss of bone strength and solidity, which makes them fragile and susceptible to fractures.
- Paget’s disease: Affects the normal build of the bone, producing bone alterations and destruction.
- Patellofemoral Syndrome: Produces a strain on the kneecap and the well-known “patellar color”.
- Tibia and fibula fracture: Because the skin layer that protects the tibia and fibula is very thin, these fractures are generally open.
- Hamstring injury: Severe pain on the back of the thigh. It is frequent in athletes.
- Raynaud’s disease: Alters the vessels’ regular flow and produces spasms that impede blood circulation to the hands and feet.
Nonetheless, the scope of orthopedic surgery and treatment is far greater. It includes procedures such as: amputations, reconstructions, spinal fusion, and joint replacement, as well as the treatment of sprains and strains, broken bones, and dislocations. To perform these procedures, the use of various materials is needed, such as: screws, cables, and prostheses that help to maintain the correct alignment of the bone or tissue of the body.